Письмо личного характера оценивается по следующим критериям (max 6 баллов):
ИТОГО: max 6 баллов
Правила оформления личного письма
Адрес пишущего указывается в правом верхнем углу.
12 Gagarin Street
Под адресом ставится дата.
Письмо начинается с обращения. После обращения ставится запятая.
В начале письма автор обычно благодарит адресата за ранее полученное письмо
и извиняется, что не писал раньше.
В данной части нужно ответить на все вопросы задания и задать необходимые вопросы другу по переписке. Вопросы должны относиться к данной конкретной фразе письма!
6. Конец письма
В конце письма обычно объясняется причина, почему автор заканчивает письмо и упоминается о дальнейших контактах.
Завершающая фраза письма зависит от степени близости автора и адресата, после нее всегда ставится запятая. Далее идет подпись автора. Личные письма подписываются без указаний фамилий.
C1 You have 20 minutes to do this task.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Jane who writes:
We're doing a project at school called "How can we make our planet a safer place?" Could you give me some information about your country? What are the most serious ecological problems in your country? Could you tell me what measures young people in your country take to save the environment?
I'm very happy because I'm going to visit Italy in August.
Write a letter to Jane.
In your letter
- answer her questions
- ask 3 questions about her trip to Italy.
Write 100 – 140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
Текст личного письма
6 June 2013
Thanks for your letter. I was very happy to get it. Sorry I haven’t been in touch for a while but I’ve been really busy.
I'll do my best to answer your questions. There are lots of ecological problems in Russia: too much traffic, factories polluting the air and too much rubbish. We need to take steps before it's too late. Young people in our city often organize a ‘Cleanup’ campaign. Firstly, they clean our town’s streets and parks because they are full of litter. Secondly, young people organize collecting paper for recycling. Also we clean parks in the city centre.
It's great news that you are going to Italy! How long are you going to stay there? Are you going alone or with your family? What cities are you going to visit?
That's all for now. Got to go. Write soon.
2. Письменное высказывание с элементами рассуждения "Ваше мнение"
Требования к написанию сочинения-рассуждения
Письменное высказывание с элементами рассуждения оценивается по следующим критериям (max 14 баллов):
ИТОГО: max 14 баллов
Задание для учащегося (opinion composition)
C2 You have 40 minutes to do this task. Comment on the following statement:
Some people say that computers have made our life easier and more convenient. Other people say that computers have made life more complex and stressful. What is your opinion?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
- make an introduction (state the problem)
- express your personal opinion and give 2 – 3 reasons for it
- express an opposing opinion and give 1 – 2 reasons for this opposing opinion
- explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
- make a conclusion restating your position
Примерный образец сочинения
Can you imagine life without computers? Whether in the office, school or at home, computers have become an indispensable part of our everyday existence. Yet some people have doubts whether the changes they have brought about are really for the better? In my opinion, the benefits of computers cannot be denied. To begin with, they save valuable time and space. Time-consuming tasks, such as checking bank accounts, can now be done in a matter of minutes and large amounts of information are easily stored on small disks. In addition, with immediate access to the Internet, they allow us to explore the world from the comfort of our homes. As a result, we can always keep up-to-date with global and current issues. Finally, computers provide entertainment: we can watch films, listen to music, or play games.
In today`s world so many new products, cosmetics and medicines are coming out every day. Many people believe that they should be tested on animals. Other people claim to stop animal experiments once and for all.
2. Выражение своего мнения
Во втором абзаце необходимо выразить свое мнение и привести 2 – 3 развернутых аргумента в поддержку своего мнения.
Для представления аргументов можно использовать следующие фразы:
In my opinion, animal testing is necessary. Firstly, animal testing allows scientists to test and create new drugs. Without animal testing, the cure for polio would not exist and diabetics would suffer or die from their disease. Secondly, animal testing is cheap. There is a large supply of animals for medical research. Animals are easily bred, and maintained safely in controlled labs. The costs of testing in humans would be extremely high. Moreover, some research about animals involves only natural behavior or pure observation.
3. Мнение других людей
В третьем абзаце необходимо представить противоположную точку зрения и привести 1 – 2 аргумента, подтверждающие данное мнение.
However, some people claim that animal testing is cruel. They are sure that it is inhumane to use animals in experiments. Opponents of animal testing also claim that the results are not applicable to humans. They do not believe that every new drug needs to be tested on animals, especially with the huge database of knowledge and modern computer models. They also are worried that many animal tests are ineffective, pointing out that some drugs have to be withdrawn from the market despite extensive testing.
However, I think these arguments are not convincing because we simply do not have alternative methods of testing. Computer models are not advanced enough, and testing on plants is much less applicable to humans than tests on animals such as monkeys. Until we have a better system, we must use animal testing.
В заключительном абзаце необходимо подвести итог вышесказанному, сделать вывод и подтвердить собственную точку зрения.
In conclusion, I strongly believe that animal testing may be unavoidable at present. But we need to make sure that these animals are treated with the minimum of suffering. Until we have a better system, we must use animal testing.
При написании сочинения нужно помнить:
Примеры подготовительных упражнений для учащихся
1. Put the parts of this letter in the correct order
A. Anyway, I've got to go now. Loads of homework (unfortunately!)
B. I'm sorry to hear you've had an argument with your best friend and that you're not speaking at the moment. Yes, it has happened to me too, and it's awful, isn't it?
D. Dear Sally,
E. Write back soon!
F. Thanks for your letter. It was great to hear from you! Well done on passing your exams!
G. I think you need to ask yourself one question: what's more important- that argument or your friendship? I remember when I asked myself that it all became clear. I realized my friendship with Chris was far more important. I called him immediately and told him. We became friends again immediately. Maybe you should do the same thing. Let me know what happens! Good luck!
H. 23 Portland Street
2. Read the sentences and decide which are from introductions and which are from conclusions
Key: 1,2,5-writers opinion 3,4,6-balanced consideration
3. Put these jumbled sentences in the correct order Package holidays: Good or Bad? Key: 1,2,4,6-opinion given in the heading 3,5-opposing point of view